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Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2

Are you a farmer or rancher whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? USDA is implementing Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 for agricultural producers who continue to face market disruptions and associated costs because of COVID-19.

USDA’s Farm Service Agency will accept CFAP 2 applications from September 21 through December 11, 2020.

Our CFAP 2 Producer Webinar is scheduled for September 24 at 3:00 PM EDT. Register today!

 

President Donald J. Trump and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced on September 17 that USDA will implement an expansion of the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program. Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2, CFAP 2, will provide producers with financial assistance that gives them the ability to absorb some of the increased marketing costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

CFAP 2 follows the first round of CFAP, which had an application period of May 26 through September 11. You can learn more about USDA’s initial Coronavirus Food Assistance Program by visiting farmers.gov/cfap1.

 

CFAP 2 Eligible Commodities Finder

farmland with barn and silo

Find payment rates for commodities that are eligible for Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2.

Apply for Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2

USDA’s Farm Service Agency offers multiple options for producers to apply for CFAP 2. Those include:

Apply Online

Producers with an eAuthentication account can now apply for CFAP 2 via our CFAP 2 Application Portal. Step-by-step instructions are available in our CFAP 2 Application Portal User Guide. Applications are completed, electronically signed, and submitted directly to your local Service Center through this online system. Producers interested in creating an eAuthentication account should visit farmers.gov/sign-in to learn more.

Producers of commodities with flat-rate payments or price trigger crops with acreage reports will use acreage and yield information provided by FSA through the annual acreage reporting process. Producers have the option to complete their application by working directly with their local Farm Service Agency or online through the CFAP 2 Application Portal. Relevant commodities are detailed under the USDA Service Center Completes Application option.

Manually Complete Applications

Producers who are interested in filling out the CFAP 2 application manually can download the application form, AD-3117, to fill out and return to the FSA office at their local USDA Service Center. Instructions for form AD-3117 are available for producers to reference when filling out the form.

Producers of commodities with flat-rate payments or price trigger crops with acreage reports will use acreage and yield information provided by FSA through the annual acreage reporting process. Producers have the option to complete their application by working directly with their local Farm Service Agency or online through the CFAP 2 Application Portal. Relevant commodities are detailed under the USDA Service Center Completes Application option.

Fill Application with Payment Calculator

Our CFAP 2 Application Generator and Payment Calculator is an Excel workbook that allows you to input information specific to your operation to determine estimated payments and populate the application form, which you can then print, sign, and submit to the FSA office at your local USDA Service Center.

Microsoft Excel is required to use this workbook. Please click the workbook link and select the option to save to your computer. Internet Explorer users, you may experience an error if you try to open the workbook online instead of saving. Once saved, you will need to open the file on your computer and enable editing and/or enable macros at the top of the Excel sheet to input information specific to your operation.

Producers of commodities with flat-rate payments or price trigger crops with acreage reports will use acreage and yield information provided by FSA through the annual acreage reporting process. Producers have the option to complete their application by working directly with their local Farm Service Agency or online through the CFAP 2 Application Portal. Relevant commodities are detailed under the USDA Service Center Completes Application option.

USDA Service Center Completes Application

Producers of commodities with flat-rate payments or price trigger crops with acreage reports will use acreage and yield information provided by FSA through the annual acreage reporting process. Producers have the option to complete their application by working directly with their local Farm Service Agency or online through the CFAP 2 Application Portal. 

Crops eligible for CFAP 2 in the flat-rate payment category include: alfalfa, amaranth grain, buckwheat, canola, Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton, crambe (colewort), einkorn, emmer, flax, guar, hemp, indigo, industrial rice, kenaf, khorasan, millet, mustard, oats, peanuts, quinoa, rapeseed, rice, sweet rice, wild rice, rye, safflower, sesame, speltz, sugar beets, sugarcane, teff, and triticale. Hay, except alfalfa, and crops with intended uses of grazing, green manure, or left standing, are not eligible.

Additionally, eligible price trigger crops include: barley, corn, upland cotton, sorghum, soybeans, sunflowers, and wheat (all classes.)

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/row-crops or farmers.gov/cfap/specialty to learn more, and call your local USDA Service Center to initiate your CFAP 2 application for these specific commodities.

 

To complete the CFAP 2 application, producers will need to reference their sales, inventory, and other records. However, since CFAP 2 is a self-certification program, this documentation will not need to be submitted with the application. Because applications are subject to County Committee review and spot check, some producers will be required to provide documentation. Producers should retain the records and documentation they use to complete the application. Information on additional documents is provided at farmers.gov/cfap/apply.

 

Assistance with Applying

USDA Service Centers are open for business, including some that are open to visitors to conduct business in person by appointment only. While most offices are open by phone appointment only, FSA will work with producers by phone and use email and online tools to process CFAP 2 applications. Please call the FSA office at your local USDA Service Center to schedule an appointment if you’d like assistance or have questions about applying for CFAP 2. You can find contact information for your local USDA Service Center at the bottom of the page, and check the status of your local USDA Service Center at farmers.gov/coronavirus/service-center-status.

A call center is available for producers who would like additional one-on-one support with the CFAP 2 application process. Please call 877-508-8364 to speak directly with a USDA employee ready to offer assistance. The call center can provide service to non-English speaking customers. Customers will select 1 for English and 2 to speak with a Spanish speaking employee. For other languages, customers select 1 and indicate their language to the Call Center staff.

 

Commodity Eligibility for Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2

Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 payments will provide eligible producers with financial assistance that gives them the ability to absorb some of the increased marketing costs associated with the COVID-19 outbreak.

Eligible commodities for CFAP 2 include:

Row Crops

Row crops eligible for CFAP 2 include: alfalfa, amaranth grain, barley, buckwheat, canola, corn, Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton, upland cotton, crambe (colewort), einkorn, emmer, flax, guar, hemp, industrial rice, kenaf, khorasan, millet, mustard, oats, peanuts, quinoa, rapeseed, rice, sweet rice, wild rice, rye, safflower, sesame, sorghum, soybeans, speltz, sugar beets, sugarcane, sunflowers, teff, triticale, and all classes of wheat. 

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/row-crops for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to row crops. 

Wool

Wool is eligible for CFAP 2. 

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/wool for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to wool. 

Livestock

Livestock eligible for CFAP 2 includes: beef cattle, hogs and pigs, and lambs and sheep. Breeding stock is not eligible.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/livestock for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to livestock. 

Specialty Livestock

Specialty livestock eligible for CFAP 2 consists of animals commercially raised for food, fur, fiber, or feathers, and includes: alpacas, bison, buffalo, beefalo, deer, ducks, elk, emus, geese, goats, guinea pigs, llamas, mink (including pelts), mohair, ostrich, pheasants, quail, rabbits, reindeer, and turkey. 

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/specialty-livestock for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to specialty livestock.

Dairy

Cow milk and goat milk are both eligible for CFAP 2.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/dairy for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to dairy. 

Specialty Crops

More than 230 fruit, vegetable, horticulture, and tree nut commodities are eligible for CFAP 2 along with honey, maple sap, and indigo.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/specialty for a full list of eligible commodities and more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to these commodities. 

Floriculture and Nursery Crops

Floriculture eligible for CFAP 2 includes cut flowers and cut greenery from annual and perennial flowering plants grown in a container or controlled environment for commercial sale. Nursery crops eligible for CFAP 2 include decorative or nondecorative plants grown in a container or controlled environment for commercial sale. 

Cactus and Christmas trees are also eligible for CFAP 2. 

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/nursery for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to floriculture and nursery crops, including cactus and Christmas trees.

Aquaculture

Aquaculture eligible for CFAP 2 includes any species of aquatic organisms grown as food for human consumption, fish raised as feed for fish that are consumed by humans, and ornamental fish propagated and reared in an aquatic medium. Eligible aquacultural species must be raised by a commercial operator and in water in a controlled environment.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/aquaculture for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to aquaculture. 

Broilers and Eggs

Broilers and eggs are eligible for CFAP 2. 

Contract growers who do not share in the price risk of production are ineligible for CFAP 2 and will not receive a CFAP 2 payment. 

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/broilers-eggs for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to broilers and eggs. 

Tobacco

Tobacco is eligible for CFAP 2. Tobacco funding will come from the authority given by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/tobacco for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to tobacco. 

 

You can access a full list of all eligible and ineligible commodities outlined by payment category at farmers.gov/cfap/commodities.

 

About Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2

President Donald J. Trump and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 on September 17, 2020. Key program information includes:

Eligible Producers

Any individual or legal entity who shares in the risk of producing a commodity may apply for CFAP 2.

Producers must be in the business of farming at the time of submitting their application to be eligible. 

Contract growers who do not share in the price risk of production are ineligible. 

Producers can apply for assistance for only commercially produced commodities.

To be eligible for payments, a person or legal entity must have an average adjusted gross income of less than $900,000 for tax years 2016, 2017, and 2018. However, if 75 percent of their adjusted gross income comes from farming, ranching, or forestry-related activities, the AGI limit of $900,000 does not apply and the person or legal entity is eligible to receive CFAP 2 payments up to the applicable payment limitation.

Persons and legal entities also must:

  • comply with the provisions of the “Highly Erodible Land and Wetland Conservation” regulations, often called the conservation compliance provisions; and
  • not have a controlled substance violation.

Additionally:

  • if a person is not a US Citizen or Resident Alien (possessing an I-551 “Green Card”), then that person must provide a significant contribution of capital, land, and active personal labor to be eligible for CFAP 2.
  • if a legal entity has more than 10 percent ownership held by persons who are not a US Citizen or Resident Alien, then that entity is eligible for payment only if each foreign person in the entity makes a significant contribution of labor to the farming operation. If the foreign person(s) does not make a significant contribution of active personal labor to the farming operation, the legal entity’s payment is reduced by the pro-rata ownership interest held by the foreign person(s).   

 

Payment Limitations

The total CFAP 2 payment that a person or legal entity may receive, directly or indirectly through attribution of payments, is $250,000. As this is a separate program, this payment limitation is separate from the CFAP 1 payment limit. This limitation applies to the total amount of CFAP 2 payments made with respect to all eligible commodities.

The total amount of CFAP 2 payments made to a legal entity – such as to a corporation, limited liability corporation, limited partnership, trust, or estate – is $250,000 except if:

  • two different members of the legal entity each provide at least 400 hours of active personal labor, active personal management, or combination thereof with respect to the production of 2020 commodities, then an entity may receive up to $500,000. 
  • three different members of the legal entity each provide at least 400 hours of active personal labor, active personal management, or combination thereof with respect to the production of 2020 commodities, then an entity may receive up to $750,000. 

Although the payment limitation is increased for the corporation, LLC, LP, trust, or estate, each members’ payment limitation (received directly or indirectly) remains subject to the $250,000 individual person payment limit. 

These payment limit provisions are different from and separate from the payment limitations established by the 2018 Farm Bill.  
 

Ineligible Commodities

Commodities not eligible for CFAP 2 include:

  • Hay, except alfalfa, and crops intended for grazing are ineligible for CFAP 2.
  • All equine, animals raised for breeding stock, companion or comfort animals, pets, and animals raised for hunting or game purposes.
  • Birdsfoot and trefoil, clover, cover crop, fallow, forage soybeans, forage sorghum, gardens (commercial and home), grass, kochia (prostrata), lespedeza, milkweed, mixed forage, pelts (excluding mink), perennial peanuts, pollinators, sunn hemp, vetch, and seed of ineligible crops.

Funding and Authorities

CFAP 2 will provide producers with financial assistance that gives them the ability to absorb some of the increased marketing costs associated with the coronavirus pandemic. Funding for CFAP 2, except for tobacco, will be provided under the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Charter Act. CFAP 2 will provide up to $14 billion in direct support for agricultural producers of eligible commodities.  

Tobacco funding will come from the authority given by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, not to exceed $100 million. 

 

CFAP 2 Resources

USDA offers answers to frequently asked questions, digital tools, and additional information for farmers and ranchers interested in learning more about CFAP 2. 

Upcoming CFAP 2 Webinar

Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 Producer Webinar – Thursday, September 24 at 3:00 PM EDT: Join USDA's Farm Service Agency as we introduce Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2. USDA listened to producer feedback during the first round of CFAP, and CFAP 2 has been adapted to better meet the needs of impacted farmers and ranchers of non-specialty and specialty crops, livestock, dairy, eggs, aquaculture, and nursery crops and cut flowers. Learn about expanded eligibility for certain commodities, new payment categories including a sales-based approach to specialty crops and other specific commodities, and information on how to apply. Register today!

CFAP 2 Frequently Asked Questions

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/faq for answers to common CFAP 2 questions. These FAQs were last updated on September 18, 2020.

CFAP 2 Fact Sheet

Our Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 fact sheet provides up-to-date program information to support your application.

CFAP 2 Commodities by Payment Category

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/commodities for a list of all eligible and ineligible commodities for CFAP 2 outlined by payment category.

Tools for Stakeholders

USDA encourages producers and agricultural groups to share information with those in their network. Our CFAP 2 Stakeholder Toolkit includes key talking points, a newsletter article, and suggested social media posts intended to raise awareness around CFAP 2. This toolkit was last updated on September 18, 2020.

CFAP 2 Rule and Cost-Benefit Analysis

The below resources provide more information on CFAP 2.

CFAP 2 Rule 

CFAP 2 Rule – Posted September 22, 2020

Cost-Benefit Analysis

CFAP 2 Cost-Benefit Analysis – Posted September 18, 2020

 

CFAP 1 Information

U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program on April 17, 2020. The application period for CFAP 1 opened on May 26, 2020, with applications accepted through September 11 for most producers and an updated deadline of October 9 for producers in certain locations impacted by natural disasters.

All information related to CFAP 1 can be found at farmers.gov/cfap1, with commodity-specific CFAP 1 information available for non-specialty crops, wool, livestock, dairy, specialty crops, nursery crops and cut flowers, aquaculture, and eggs.

 

Broader USDA Efforts

In addition to CFAP 2, USDA has other programs and services available to farmers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.

 

Find Your Local Service Center

We are committed to delivering USDA services to America’s farmers and ranchers while taking safety measures in response to COVID-19. While employees continue to staff our Service Centers, some are only available for phone appointments at this time. You can learn the status of your service center through this tool. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.

USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.

Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office or to find an insurance agent near you.