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Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

Are you a farmer or rancher whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides direct relief to producers who faced price declines and additional marketing costs due to COVID-19.

USDA’s Farm Service Agency is accepting CFAP applications now through August 28, 2020.

Apply for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

USDA’s Farm Service Agency offers multiple ways for you to apply for CFAP to meet your business needs. Those include:

Apply Online

Producers with an eAuthentication account can now apply for CFAP via our CFAP Application Portal. Step-by-step instructions are available in our CFAP Application Portal User Guide. Applications are completed, electronically signed, and submitted directly to your local Service Center through this online system. Producers interested in creating an eAuthentication account should visit farmers.gov/sign-in to learn more.

Producers without an eAuthentication account also have the option of signing and sharing their CFAP applications online using our new document signature solutions initiated by Service Center staff. 

NOTE: Producers will not be able to apply for newly listed commodities until July 13, 2020. Visit our specialty crops page for more information.

Manually Complete Applications

Producers who are interested in filling out the CFAP application manually can download the application form, AD-3114, to fill out and return to the FSA office at their local USDA Service Center. If you need more space, you should use the AD-3114A continuation form.

Instructions for form AD-3114 and AD-3114 continuation are available for producers to reference when filling out both forms.

Fill Application with Payment Calculator

Our CFAP Application Generator and Payment Calculator is an Excel workbook that allows you to input information specific to your operation to determine estimated payments and populate the application form, which you can then print, sign, and submit to the FSA office at your local USDA Service Center.

Microsoft Excel is required to use this workbook. Please click the workbook link and select the option to save to your computer. Internet Explorer users, you may experience an error if you try to open the workbook online instead of saving. Once saved, you will need to open the file on your computer and enable editing and/or enable macros at the top of the Excel sheet to input information specific to your operation. A video preview with more information is available here.

On July 13, USDA updated the Payment Calculator to include more than 40 recently added commodities. Visit our specialty crops page for more information.

 

Producers self-certify when applying for CFAP, and documentation is not submitted with the application. You may be asked for additional documentation to support your certification of eligible commodities, so you should retain the documentation used to complete your application. Information on additional documents is provided at farmers.gov/cfap/apply.

Assistance with Applying

While most USDA Service Centers are open for business by phone appointment only, FSA is working with producers by phone and using email and online tools to process CFAP applications. Please call the FSA office at your local USDA Service Center to schedule an appointment if you’d like assistance or have questions. You can find contact information for your local USDA Service Center at the bottom of the page, and check the status of your local USDA Service Center at farmers.gov/coronavirus/service-center-status.

A CFAP Call Center is available for producers who would like additional one-on-one support with the CFAP application process. Please call 877-508-8364 to speak directly with a USDA employee ready to offer assistance. The CFAP Call Center can provide service to non-English speaking customers. Customers will select 1 for English and 2 to speak with a Spanish speaking employee. For other languages, customers select 1 and indicate their language to the Call Center staff.

 

Commodity Eligibility for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides vital financial assistance to producers of agricultural commodities who have suffered a five-percent-or-greater price decline or who had losses due to market supply chain disruptions due to COVID-19 and face additional significant marketing costs.

Eligible commodities for CFAP include:

Non-Specialty Crops

CFAP payments are eligible to producers of non-specialty crops who have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline over a specified time as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and who face increased marketing costs for inventories.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/non-specialty for more information on CFAP eligibility and payment details related to non-specialty crops.

Wool

CFAP payments are eligible to wool producers who have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline over a specified time as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and who face increased marketing costs for inventories.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/wool for more information on CFAP eligibility and payment details related to wool.

Livestock

CFAP assistance is available to livestock producers who have an ownership interest in eligible livestock that have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and face additional significant costs in marketing their inventories due to unexpected surplus and disrupted markets.

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/livestock for more information on CFAP eligibility and payment details related to livestock.

Dairy

CFAP payments are eligible to all dairy operations with milk production in January, February, and/or March 2020. Any dumped milk production during the months of January, February, and March 2020 is eligible for assistance. 

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/dairy for more information on CFAP eligibility and payment details related to dairy production.

Specialty Crops

Producers of specialty crops are eligible for CFAP payments in the following three categories:

  1. Had crops that suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline between mid-January and mid-April as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic,
  2. Had produce shipped but subsequently spoiled due to loss of marketing channel, and
  3. Had shipments that did not leave the farm or mature crops that remained unharvested.  

USDA announced on July 9 that it would make more than 40 additional specialty crops eligible for CFAP. Visit farmers.gov/cfap/specialty for more information on CFAP eligibility and payment details related to specialty crops.

 

Commodities Added to the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

In response to comments and data received by the public, USDA announced on July 9 that it would make more than 40 additional commodities eligible for the program. In addition to these newly eligible commodities, USDA also expanded funding categories for several additional commodities and adjusted payment rates for others. A full list of these commodities, and their associated payment rates, can be found on our specialty crops page. Read the correction to the rule for updated payment rates, and the Notice of Funding Availability for information on the new commodities.

USDA began accepting applications for additional commodities on July 13, 2020. If a producer submitted a CFAP application for a previously ineligible commodity, and the application was disapproved, the producer must submit a new CFAP application. If the producer submitted an application and was paid for CFAP but also has crops that are now considered eligible or are now eligible for CARES Act funding for sales losses, the producer should NOT submit a new application, but rather, contact the local FSA office to amend the application.

For producers who have already applied for CFAP and whose commodities have experienced payment rate increases, FSA will automatically calculate the increase and issue a payment. For potato payments, producers will need to contact FSA to amend the application to identify the specific type of potatoes. Producers who have already applied will not be impacted by a payment rate decrease.

About the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program on April 17, 2020. Key program information includes:

Who is Eligible?

Eligible producers of specified agricultural commodities outlined above who have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and who face substantial marketing costs for inventories, are eligible for CFAP payments.

To be eligible for payments, a person or legal entity must have an average adjusted gross income of less than $900,000 for tax years 2016, 2017, and 2018. However, if 75 percent of their adjusted gross income comes from farming, ranching, or forestry, the AGI limit of $900,000 does not apply.

Persons and legal entities also must:

  • comply with the provisions of the “Highly Erodible Land and Wetland Conservation” regulations, often called the conservation compliance provisions;
  • if a foreign person, provides land, capital, and a substantial amount of active personal labor to the farming operation; and
  • not have a controlled substance violation.

What are the Payment Limitations?

CFAP payments are subject to a per person and legal entity payment limitation of $250,000. This limitation applies to the total amount of CFAP payments made with respect to all eligible commodities.

Unlike other FSA programs, special payment limitation rules will be applied to participants that are corporations, limited liability companies, and limited partnerships (corporate entities). These corporate entities may receive up to $750,000 based upon the number of shareholders – not to exceed three shareholders – who contribute at least 400 hours of active person management or personal active labor.  

For a corporate entity:

  • With one such shareholder the payment limit for the entity is $250,000;
  • With two such shareholders, the payment limit for the entity is $500,000 if at least two members contribute substantial labor or management with respect to the operation of the corporate entity; and
  • With three such shareholders, the limit is $750,000 if at least three members contribute substantial labor or management with respect to the operation of the corporate entity.

Each individual shareholder will receive payment based on the percentage of interest in the entity. However, each individual shareholder remains subject to the $250,000 payment limit, which means that the entity may not realize the full amount of the increased entity limitation. There may be additional reductions if the shareholder has earnings through other farming operations.
 

What is the Payment Structure?

To ensure the availability of funding throughout the application period, producers will receive 80 percent of their maximum total payment upon approval of the application. The remaining portion of the payment, not to exceed the payment limit, will be paid at a later date as funds remain available. 
 

What Commodities are Ineligible? Why?

Commodities that did not suffer a five percent-or-greater price decline from mid-January 2020 to mid-April 2020 are not eligible for CFAP. Specifically, this includes sheep more than two years old, eggs/layers, soft red winter wheat, hard red winter wheat, white wheat, rice, flax, rye, peanuts, feed barley, Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton, alfalfa, forage crops, hemp, and tobacco.

USDA considered additional commodities to be eligible for CFAP by collecting information on potentially eligible commodities. In response to comments and data received by the public, USDA announced on July 9 that it would make more than 40 additional commodities eligible for the program. In addition to these newly eligible commodities, USDA also expanded funding categories for several additional commodities and adjusted payment rates for others. A full list of these commodities, and their associated payment rates, can be found on our specialty crops page.

USDA may add other commodities to the program.

What are CFAP Funding and Authorities?

The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program uses funding and authorities provided in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, and other USDA existing authorities. This $19 billion immediate relief program includes direct support to agricultural producers as well as the Farmers to Families Food Box Program.

Eligible farmers and ranchers will receive one CFAP payment, drawn from two possible funding sources. The first source of funding is $9.5 billion in appropriated funding provided in the CARES Act and compensates farmers for losses due to price declines that occurred between mid-January 2020, and mid-April 2020 and for specialty crops for product that was shipped and spoiled or unpaid product. The second funding source uses the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act to compensate producers for $6.5 billion in losses due to on-going market disruptions.

CFAP Payment Dashboard

This dashboard tracks CFAP payments and applications by state, and is current as of August 3, 2020. Weekly updates will be posted every Monday.
 

 

CFAP Resources

USDA offers a range of webinars, digital tools, fact sheets, and user guides for farmers and ranchers interested in learning more about CFAP.

Videos and Webinars

Videos

CFAP Payment Calculator Demo: This video provides information about using the CFAP Application Generator and Payment Calculator to input information specific to your operation to determine estimated payments and populate the application form.

Educational Webinar Recordings

FSA hosted commodity-specific CFAP webinars from June 9, 2020 through June 18, 2020. These webinars covered program basics and what producers should know to enroll in the program. Recordings of each webinar are available for you to watch at any time.

CFAP for Specialty Crop Producers: We talk with one of the CFAP National Program Specialists to discuss what specialty crop producers should know to sign up for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program.

CFAP for Dairy and Non-Specialty Crop Producers: We talk with two of the CFAP National Program Specialists to discuss what dairy and non-specialty crop producers should know to sign up for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program.

CFAP for Livestock and Non-Specialty Crop Producers: We talk with two of the CFAP National Program Specialists to discuss what livestock and non-specialty crop producers should know to sign up for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program.

CFAP and USDA Programs During Coronavirus: We talk with specialists across USDA about what producers should know to sign up for CFAP and other USDA program flexibilities due to COVID-19.
 

CFAP Frequently Asked Questions

Visit farmers.gov/cfap/faq for answers to recent questions we have received from producers. These FAQs were last updated on July 21, 2020.

CFAP Fact Sheets

CFAP Fact Sheets in English

A general CFAP fact sheet is available in English, as well as commodity-specific fact sheets for non-specialty crops, wool, livestock, dairy, and specialty crops.

CFAP Fact Sheets in Spanish

A general CFAP fact sheet is available in Spanish, as well as commodity-specific fact sheets for non-specialty crops, wool, livestock, dairy, and specialty crops.

CFAP Fact Sheets in Puerto Rican Spanish

A general CFAP fact sheet is available in Puerto Rican Spanish, as well as commodity-specific fact sheets for non-specialty crops, wool, livestockdairy, and specialty crops.

CFAP Application Portal User Guide

The CFAP Application Portal User Guide provides step-by-step instructions for producers with eAuthentication accounts to apply for CFAP via our CFAP Application Portal.

CFAP Application Generator and Payment Calculator

The CFAP Application Generator and Payment Calculator is an Excel workbook that allows you to input information specific to your operation to determine estimated payments and populate the application form.

Microsoft Excel is required to use this workbook. Please click the workbook link and select the option to save to your computer. Internet Explorer users, you may experience an error if you try to open the workbook online instead of saving. Once saved, you will need to open the file on your computer and enable editing and/or enable macros at the top of the Excel sheet to input information specific to your operation. A video preview with more information is available here.

Tools for Stakeholders

Stakeholder Toolkit

USDA encourages producers and agricultural groups to share information with those in their network. Our CFAP Stakeholder Toolkit includes an article, an infographic, and social media posts. This toolkit was last updated on July 23, 2020.

CFAP Posters

We offer a package of posters that can also be accessed individually for livestock, dairy, fruit and vegetable, crop, and farm impacts due to COVID-19.

Stakeholder Webinar

Our stakeholder webinar, How Organizations Can Spread the Word, covers CFAP program basics, the NOFA process, and resources available to assist producers with sign up and to promote the program widely.

Additional CFAP Information

The below resources provide more information on CFAP.

Final Rule and Correcting Amendments

CFAP Final Rule – Posted May 21, 2020

CFAP Correcting Amendment – Posted June 12, 2020

CFAP Correcting Amendment – Posted July 10, 2020

Notice of Funding Availability and Corrections

CFAP Notice of Funding Availability – Posted May 22, 2020

NOFA Correction – Posted June 12, 2020

NOFA: Additional Eligible Commodities – Posted July 10, 2020

Cost-Benefit Analysis

CFAP Cost-Benefit Analysis – Posted May 14, 2020

 

Broader USDA Efforts

In addition to CFAP, USDA has other programs and services available to farmers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.

 

Find Your Local Service Center

We are committed to delivering USDA services to America’s farmers and ranchers while taking safety measures in response to COVID-19. While employees continue to staff our Service Centers, some are only available for phone appointments at this time. You can learn the status of your service center through this tool. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.


USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.

Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office or to find an insurance agent near you.