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Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 for Specialty Crop Producers

Are you a producer of specialty crops including fruits, vegetables, horticulture, tree nuts, honey, maple sap, or indigo whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? USDA is implementing Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 for agricultural producers who continue to face market disruptions and associated costs because of COVID-19.

The review of the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) is ongoing and we anticipate a decision in the weeks ahead. Payments under the CFAP 2 signup that ended December have not been impacted in any way. The deadline of February 26 has been eliminated and USDA’s Farm Service Agency will continue to accept applications during the evaluation period. Interested applicants will have at least an additional 30 days to sign up after any decision is announced.

Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2, or CFAP 2, will provide producers with financial assistance that gives them the ability to absorb some of the increased marketing costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. USDA will accept CFAP 2 applications from September 21, 2020 through December 11, 2020. Learn more at


Eligible Specialty Crops


Specialty crops eligible for CFAP 2 exclude crops with an intended use of grazing, green manure, or left standing.

CFAP 2 payments are available for eligible producers of specialty crop commodities categorized as either sales commodities or flat-rate crops. Specifically:

  • Sales commodities have payment calculations that use a sales-based approach, where producers of eligible commodities are paid based on five payment gradations associated with their 2019 sales. Eligible fruits, vegetables, horticulture, tree nuts, honey, and maple sap are categorized as sales-based commodities.
  • Flat-rate crops either do not meet the five-percent-or-greater national price decline trigger noted above or do not have data available to calculate a price change, but will have CFAP 2 payments calculated based on eligible acres of the crop planted in 2020. Indigo is categorized as a flat-rate commodity.


CFAP 2 Payments for Sales Specialty Crops

Payments for fruits, vegetables, horticulture, tree nuts, honey, and maple sap will be based on the producer’s 2019 sales of eligible commodities in a declining block format using the following payment factors, and will be equal to:

  1. The amount of the producer’s eligible sales in calendar year 2019, multiplied by
  2. The payment rate for that range.
2019 Sales Range Percent Payment Factor for the Producer’s 2019 Sales
of Eligible Commodities Falling in the Range
$0 to $49,999 10.6%
$50,000 to $99,999 9.9%
$100,000 to $499,999 9.7%
$500,000 to $999,999 9.0%
Sales over $1 million 8.8%

Payments for fruit, vegetable, horticulture, tree nut, honey, and maple sap producers who began farming in 2020 and had no sales in 2019 will be based on the producer’s actual 2020 sales as of the producer’s application date.

Eligible sales only include sales of raw commodities grown by the producer. The portion of sales derived from adding value to the commodity, such as processing and packaging, and from sales of products purchased for resale, is not included in the payment calculation.

Example: A producer’s 2019 sales of eligible commodities totaled $75,000. The payment is calculated as ($49,999 times 10.6%) plus ($25,001 times 9.9%) equals a total payment of $7,775.

Additional examples and clarifications for CFAP 2 sales commodity calculations for can be found under Sales Commodities on and on page 22 of the Cost-Benefit Analysis published under CFAP 2 Resources on This document includes step-by-step examples of CFAP 2 payment calculations for four small farms. We recommend referencing these examples to calculate your estimated CFAP 2 payments for fruits, vegetables, horticulture, tree nuts, maple sap, and honey.


CFAP Payments for Flat-Rate Indigo

Payments for indigo, included in the flat-rate payment category, will be equal to eligible acres of the crop multiplied by a rate of $15 per acre. Eligible acres include the producer’s share of the determined acres, or reported acres if determined acres are not present, excluding prevented planted and experimental acres.

Please note, if you will be filing an application for flat-rate row crops identified as “acreage-based crops,” the acreage and yield information must be provided by FSA through the annual acreage reporting process, either through an application initiated by USDA Service Center staff or by applying online through our CFAP 2 Portal Learn more at


Additional CFAP 2 Information

Farm Service Agency staff at local USDA Service Centers will work with producers to file CFAP 2 applications. Producers interested in one-on-one support with the CFAP 2 application can also call 877-508-8364 to speak directly with a USDA employee ready to offer assistance at our call center.

Visit for additional information on Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2, other eligible commodities, CFAP 2 eligibility, payment limitations and structure, and how to apply.


Find Your Local Service Center

We are committed to delivering USDA services to America’s farmers and ranchers while taking safety measures in response to the pandemic. USDA offices are currently closed to visitors, but Service Center staff continue to work with agricultural producers via phone, email, and other digital tools. Learn more at

USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit

Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office or to find an insurance agent near you.