Has your agricultural operation been impacted by drought? USDA offers programs that can help with recovery as well as those that can help you manage risk and build resilience on your operation.
Recovery on Your Operation
USDA offers a suite of disaster assistance programs that can help with recovery, including:
Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program
The Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP) provides compensation for feed losses as well as expenses associated with transportation of water and feed to livestock.
On that page you will find the ELAP Feed Transportation Tool that helps document and estimate payments to cover feed transportation costs caused by drought.
Emergency haying and grazing of Conservation Reserve Program acres
When authorized, the Emergency haying and grazing of Conservation Reserve Program acres allows producers to graze livestock on lands enrolled in CRP, except for during primary nesting season.
Livestock Forage Disaster Program
The Livestock Forage Disaster Program (LFP) provides benefits for 2021 grazing losses due to drought.
Livestock Forage Disaster Program benefits may also be available for loss of grazing acres due to wildfires on federally managed lands on which a producer is prohibited, by a federal agency, from grazing normally permitted livestock.
Emergency Livestock Relief Program
Livestock producers who have approved applications through the 2021 Livestock Forage Disaster Program for forage losses due to severe drought or wildfire will soon begin receiving emergency relief payments to compensate for increases in supplemental feed costs through the Farm Service Agency’s Emergency Livestock Relief Program (ELRP).
Tree Assistance Program
The Tree Assistance Program (TAP) provides cost-share assistance to replant or rehabilitate trees, bushes or vines lost during the drought.
This program provides assistance for trees, bushes or vines not covered by NAP or crop insurance.
Emergency Conservation Program and Emergency Forest Restoration Program
The Emergency Conservation Program (ECP) and Emergency Forest Restoration Program (EFRP) provide financial and technical assistance to restore conservation practices like fencing, damaged farmland or forests.
ECP can also help put in place practices for water conservation during severe drought.
Environmental Quality Incentives Program
The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) provides financial and technical assistance to implement conservation practices.
Common practices to help recover from drought include forest management plans, tree/shrub establishment, brush management, prescribed grazing, pasture and hay planting, wildlife habitat, livestock watering systems and cover crops.
Emergency Relief Program
The Emergency Relief Program (ERP) Phase Two assists producers who suffered a loss in revenue from eligible natural disasters in 2020 and 2021.
Pandemic Assistance Revenue Program
The Pandemic Assistance Revenue Program (PARP) assists producers with revenue decreases in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
FSA also offers a variety of direct and guaranteed loans, including operating and emergency loans, to eligible producers unable to secure commercial financing. Loans can help producers replace essential property, purchase inputs like livestock, equipment, feed and seed, cover family living expenses or refinance farm-related debts and other needs.
Protect Your Operation
If you do not have crop insurance or Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) coverage, we recommend you consider a risk management option for your operation.
- For crop insurance, use the Agent Locator to find a crop insurance agent near you. USDA’s Risk Management Agency works closely with Approved Insurance Providers, who sell and service the policies that producers purchase, to ensure efficient loss adjustment and prompt claims payments.
- For Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) coverage, contact your Service Center to obtain coverage.
If your operation was impacted by a natural disaster and you have an interest in participating in an available disaster assistance program, you should report losses and damages to FSA and/or your Approved Insurance Provider for crop insurance claims.
Timelines to file notices of loss differ by program or coverage:
- Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-raised Fish Program: File with your Service Center within 30 days for livestock and fish and within 15 days for honeybees.
- Tree Assistance Program: File a program application with your Service Center within 90 days.
- Non-insured Crop Disaster Assistance Program: File notice of loss with your Service Center within 15 days, except for hand-harvested crops, which should be filed within 72 hours.
- Crop Insurance: Contact your agent within 72 hours of discovering damage and follow up in writing within 15 days.
Impacts of Drought
The U.S. Drought Monitor
The U.S. Drought Monitor is an online, weekly map showing the location, extent, and severity of drought across the United States. It categorizes the entire country as being in one of six levels of drought. The map is released on Thursdays and depicts conditions for the week that ended the preceding Tuesday.
We use the Drought Monitor to determine a producer’s eligibility for certain drought assistance programs, like LFP and emergency haying and grazing on CRP acres.
The Drought Monitor is also used to determine “fast track” Secretarial disaster designations for severe drought, that provide for a nearly automatic designation when, during the growing season, any portion of a county meets the D2 (Severe Drought) drought intensity value for eight consecutive weeks or a higher drought intensity value for any length of time as reported in the U.S. Drought Monitor.
The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to designate counties as disaster areas to make emergency (EM) loans available to producers suffering losses in those counties and in counties that are contiguous to a designated county.
Download the fact sheet to learn more about the Drought Monitor and USDA drought programs.
Learn about USDA disaster assistance programs that might be right for you by completing five simple steps.
Answer a few short questions to learn about USDA farm loans that might be right for you.
Learn about general eligibility for USDA’s disaster assistance programs.
View all Farm Service Agency (FSA) disaster assistance programs currently available.
View all Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) disaster assistance programs currently available.
View the Risk Management Agency's (RMA) natural disaster resources.
Learn about how you can help monitor droughts in you region.
Visit our Translations page to find translated disaster resources and other USDA resources in languages other than English.
- June 1, 2022: Biden-Harris Administration Drought Resilience Interagency Working Group Releases Summary Report, Marks One Year Since Interagency Coordination
- March 31, 2022: USDA to Provide Payments to Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought or Wildfire
- October 27, 2021: USDA Invests $21 Million in Effort to Help Producers Build Drought Resilience
- October 13, 2021: USDA Expands Assistance to Cover Feed Transportation Costs for Drought-Impacted Ranchers Online Producer Tool Launched
- September 21, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Nevada Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Wildfires and Drought
- September 8, 2021: USDA Expands Assistance to Cover Feed Transportation Costs for Drought-Impacted Ranchers
- August 23, 2021: Emergency Haying, Grazing of Conservation Reserve Program Acres Available to Help Livestock Producers Weather Drought (Kansas)
- August 23, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Washington Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Wildfires and Drought
- August 20, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Oregon Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Wildfires and Drought
- August 20, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Montana Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by , Wildfires and Drought
- August 20, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to California Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Wildfires and Drought
- August 19, 2021: Emergency Haying, Grazing of Conservation Reserve Program Acres Available to Help Livestock Producers Weather Drought (usda.gov) (Wisconsin)
- August 19, 2021: Emergency Haying, Grazing of Conservation Reserve Program Acres Available to Help Livestock Producers Weather Drought (usda.gov)(Washington)
- August 2, 2021: USDA Invests $15 Million in Klamath River Basin
- July 30, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Illinois Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought
- July 26, 2021:USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Minnesota Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought
- July 21, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to North Dakota Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought
- July 21, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Washington Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought
- July 17, 2021: RMA Extends Deadlines, Waives Interest Deferral for Emergency Drought Relief
- July 15, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Montana Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought
- July 13, 2021: RMA Authorizes Emergency Procedures to Help Drought-Impacted Producers
- July 9, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to South Dakota Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Drought
- July 1, 2021: USDA Offers Disaster Assistance to Arizona Farmers and Livestock Producers Impacted by Wildfires and Drought
- June 28, 2021: Ask the Expert: Understanding the U.S. Drought Monitor; a Q&A with Brian Fuchs
- June 24, 2021: USDA Designates St. Croix St. John and St. Thomas Islands as Primary Natural Disaster Areas
- June 10, 2021: USDA to Invest $41.8 Million in Conservation Assistance for Producers in Drought-Impacted States
- June 4, 2021: USDA Offers Assistance to Texas Producers Impacted by Drought
Find Your Local Service Center
USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to ﬁnd your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.
Visit the Risk Management Agency website to ﬁnd a regional or compliance office or to ﬁnd an insurance agent near you.