Does your operation include row crops? USDA offers a variety of programs and services that support your working land. Whether you grow corn or cotton, soybeans or sorghum, we have options for you.
USDA is dedicated to reaching a broad set of producers and agricultural businesses through our Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative. Visit farmers.gov/pandemic-assistance for information on programs and services specific to your operation.
USDA may be able to help you access capital. And we can be a good partner if you aren’t able to get funding from a traditional lender.
We offer loans directly through USDA and also guarantee loans through other lenders.
Loans available directly through USDA range from $50,000 microloans to a maximum of $400,000 for operating loans and up to $600,000 for ownership loans.
Alternatively, you can apply for a guaranteed loan through USDA-approved banks and other commercial lenders. The maximum loan amount for a Guaranteed Farm Operating Loan is adjusted annually each Fiscal Year based on inflation.
Combined Ownership & Operating Loans
Combined ownership & operating loans help purchase land and equipment and meet day-to-day costs.
More information on these loans can be found in our Farm Loan Discovery Tool.
USDA also offers:
- Farm Storage Facility Loans (FSFL): Funds are used to build or upgrade on-farm storage facilities and to purchase handling equipment.
- Marketing Assistance Loans (MAL): Funds are used to provide interim financing to producers so crops can be stored and sold when market conditions are better.
Contact the Farm Service Agency at your local USDA Service Center to learn more about loan options for your operation.
Disaster Assistance Programs
If disaster strikes, we offer other disaster assistance programs to offset losses and get you back on your feet. The Agriculture Risk (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs, for instance, provide financial protections to farmers from substantial drops in crop prices or revenues and are vital economic safety nets for most American farms.
Emergency loans provide up-front funding to support recovery, and the Emergency Conservation Program covers costs of restoring conservation practices.
It is now legal to grow industrial hemp due to a reclassification in the 2018 Farm Bill. If you’re a hemp producer, your crop may be eligible for RMA's Whole-Farm Revenue Protection and Multi-Peril Crop Insurance coverage and FSA's Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program.
Visit farmers.gov/hemp for information specific to hemp and USDA’s Farm Programs.
We can help you plan and implement conservation practices to benefit both natural resources and your bottom line.
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) will work with you to discuss your goals and develop a conservation plan for your operation. If you want to get started at home, you can also use our Conservation Concerns Tool to explore the different types of conservation issues that could impact the natural resources and productivity of your farm and conservation practices that might be right for you.
Common Conservation Activities
Common conservation activities for row crop farms include:
Cover crops maximize soil cover year-round to reduce erosion, provide food for organisms that cycle the nutrients you plants need, improve water infiltration, and increase soil organic matter.
Conservation Crop Rotation
Conservation crop rotation can reduce pests and diseases that are specific to certain plant species, build the health of soil microbes that provide nutrients to your plants, and ultimately lead to improved yields.
If certain parts of your farm are not ideal for cultivation, conservation easements or longer-term conservation options may be right for you. For example, the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) provides options for fields that frequently flood.
To learn more about conservation, contact the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) or Farm Service Agency (FSA) at your local USDA Service Center.
- August 18, 2022: USDA to Mail Additional Pre-Filled Applications to Producers Impacted by 2020, 2021 Disasters
- August 4, 2022: Streamlined Delivery of Emergency Relief Programs Is Win-Win for USDA and Agricultural Producers
- July 27, 2022: Deadline Extended and More Pre-Filled Forms For 2020 and 2021 Disasters on the Way
- June 29, 2022: USDA Has Issued More Than $4 Billion in Emergency Relief Program Payments to Date
- May 16, 2022: USDA Accepting Applications to Help Cover Costs of Organic, Transitioning Producers
- May 16, 2022: USDA to Provide Approximately $6 Billion to Commodity and Specialty Crop Producers Impacted by 2020 and 2021 Natural Disasters
- January 5, 2022: USDA Announces Details of New Insurance Option for Conservation-Minded Corn Farmers
- November 1, 2021: Farmers Can Now Make Elections, Enroll in Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage Programs
Find Your Local Service Center
We are committed to delivering USDA services to America’s farmers and ranchers while taking safety measures in response to the pandemic. Many USDA Service Centers are open for visitors, but some may remain open by appointment only. Contact your local Service Center to determine their open status or make an appointment. Service Center staff continues to work with agricultural producers via phone, email, and other digital tools. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.
USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to ﬁnd your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.
Visit the Risk Management Agency website to ﬁnd a regional or compliance office or to ﬁnd an insurance agent near you.