Does your operation include row crops? USDA offers a variety of programs and services that support your working land. Whether you grow corn or cotton, soybeans or sorghum, we have options for you.
USDA is dedicated to reaching a broad set of producers and agricultural businesses through our Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative. Visit farmers.gov/pandemic-assistance for information on programs and services specific to your operation.
USDA may be able to help you access capital. And we can be a good partner if you aren’t able to get funding from a traditional lender.
We offer loans directly through USDA and also guarantee loans through other lenders.
Loans available directly through USDA range from $50,000 microloans to a maximum of $400,000 for operating loans and up to $600,000 for ownership loans.
Alternatively, you can apply for a guaranteed loan through USDA-approved banks and other commercial lenders. The maximum loan amount for a Guaranteed Farm Operating Loan is adjusted annually each Fiscal Year based on inflation.
Combined Ownership & Operating Loans
Combined ownership & operating loans help purchase land and equipment and meet day-to-day costs.
More information on these loans can be found in our Farm Loan Discovery Tool.
USDA also offers:
- Farm Storage Facility Loans (FSFL): Funds are used to build or upgrade on-farm storage facilities and to purchase handling equipment.
- Marketing Assistance Loans (MAL): Funds are used to provide interim financing to producers so crops can be stored and sold when market conditions are better.
Contact the Farm Service Agency at your local USDA Service Center to learn more about loan options for your operation.
Disaster Assistance Programs
If disaster strikes, we offer other disaster assistance programs to offset losses and get you back on your feet. The Agriculture Risk (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs, for instance, provide financial protections to farmers from substantial drops in crop prices or revenues and are vital economic safety nets for most American farms.
Emergency loans provide up-front funding to support recovery, and the Emergency Conservation Program covers costs of restoring conservation practices.
It is now legal to grow industrial hemp due to a reclassification in the 2018 Farm Bill. If you’re a hemp producer, your crop may be eligible for RMA's Whole-Farm Revenue Protection and Multi-Peril Crop Insurance coverage and FSA's Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program.
Visit farmers.gov/hemp for information specific to hemp and USDA’s Farm Programs.
We can help you plan and implement conservation practices to benefit both natural resources and your bottom line.
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) will work with you to discuss your goals and develop a conservation plan for your operation. If you want to get started at home, you can also use our Conservation Concerns Tool to explore the different types of conservation issues that could impact the natural resources and productivity of your farm and conservation practices that might be right for you.
Common Conservation Activities
Common conservation activities for row crop farms include:
Cover crops maximize soil cover year-round to reduce erosion, provide food for organisms that cycle the nutrients you plants need, improve water infiltration, and increase soil organic matter.
Conservation Crop Rotation
Conservation crop rotation can reduce pests and diseases that are specific to certain plant species, build the health of soil microbes that provide nutrients to your plants, and ultimately lead to improved yields.
If certain parts of your farm are not ideal for cultivation, conservation easements or longer-term conservation options may be right for you. For example, the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) provides options for fields that frequently flood.
To learn more about conservation, contact the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) or Farm Service Agency (FSA) at your local USDA Service Center.
- March 30, 2023: USDA Expands Margin Protection for Corn and Soybean Farmers
- March 9, 2023: USDA Announces Sign-up for Cost-Share Assistance for On-Farm Grain Storage in Areas with Limited Commercial Capacity Due to Severe Storms
- February 28, 2023: USDA Encourages Rice Farmers to Prepare for new Rice Production Program
- February 14, 2023: USDA Expands Hurricane Insurance Protection to Include Certain Tropical Storms
Find Your Local Service Center
USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to ﬁnd your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.