Row Crop Operations

Does your operation include row crops? USDA offers a variety of programs and services that support your working land. Whether you grow corn or cotton, soybeans or sorghum, we have options for you.

Pandemic Assistance

We are committed to delivering financial assistance to agricultural producers who have been impacted by COVID-19 market disruptions. This includes row crop producers who can now apply for USDA’s Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 (CFAP 2). Visit farmers.gov/cfap2/row-crops for more information on CFAP 2 eligibility and payment details related to row crops.

USDA’s Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative will include assistance for biofuels that may impact row crop producers. Visit farmers.gov/pandemic-assistance for updates on this initiative.

Loans

USDA may be able to help you access capital. And we can be a good partner if you aren’t able to get funding from a traditional lender.

Farm Loans

We offer loans directly through USDA and also guarantee loans through other lenders.

Loans available directly through USDA range from $50,000 microloans to a maximum of $400,000 for operating loans and up to $600,000 for ownership loans. Alternatively, you can apply for a guaranteed loan up to $1,776,000 through USDA-approved banks and other commercial lenders.

Ownership Loans
 

 

Ownership loans are available to help you purchase land and equipment.

Loan Amounts

Operating Loans
 

 

Operating loans help you meet day-to-day costs.

Loan Amounts

Combined Ownership & Operating Loans

 

Combined ownership & operating loans help purchase land and equipment and meet day-to-day costs.

Loan Amounts

More information on these loans can be found in our Farm Loan Discovery Tool.

Other Loans

USDA also offers:

Contact the Farm Service Agency at your local USDA Service Center to learn more about loan options for your operation.

Protection and Recovery

Depending on where you farm, natural disasters like floods, wildfires, or drought may impact your operation.

Risk Protection

USDA provides risk protection by offering:

Federal Crop Insurance
 

 

Federal crop insurance for specific row crops. To explore crop insurance, contact an Approved Insurance Provider.

Whole-Farm Revenue Protection
 

 

Whole-Farm Revenue Protection (WFRP) for all commodities on your farm under one insurance policy

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program

 

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) for crops that are otherwise non-insurable.

Disaster Assistance Programs

If disaster strikes, we offer other disaster assistance programs to offset losses and get you back on your feet. The Agriculture Risk (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs, for instance, provide financial protections to farmers from substantial drops in crop prices or revenues and are vital economic safety nets for most American farms.

Emergency loans provide up-front funding to support recovery, and the Emergency Conservation Program covers costs of restoring conservation practices. 

For other disaster programs, contact the Farm Service Agency (FSA) at your local USDA Service Center or use the Disaster Assistance Discovery Tool.

Hemp Coverage 

It is now legal to grow industrial hemp due to a reclassification in the 2018 Farm Bill. If you’re a hemp producer, your crop may be eligible for RMA's Whole-Farm Revenue Protection and Multi-Peril Crop Insurance coverage and FSA's Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program.

Visit farmers.gov/hemp for information specific to hemp and USDA’s Farm Programs.

Conservation

We can help you plan and implement conservation practices to benefit both natural resources and your bottom line.

Planning

The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) will work with you to discuss your goals and develop a conservation plan for your operation. If you want to get started at home, you can also use our Conservation Concerns Tool to explore the different types of conservation issues that could impact the natural resources and productivity of your farm and conservation practices that might be right for you.

Common Conservation Activities

NRCS can share the cost with producers to implement conservation activities through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) and Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP).

Common conservation activities for row crop farms include:

No-Till

 

No-till minimizes disturbance events across your operation to build healthier soils, reduce erosion, and reduce fuel costs.

Cover Crops

 

Cover crops maximize soil cover year-round to reduce erosion, provide food for organisms that cycle the nutrients you plants need, improve water infiltration, and increase soil organic matter.

Conservation Crop Rotation

 

Conservation crop rotation can reduce pests and diseases that are specific to certain plant species, build the health of soil microbes that provide nutrients to your plants, and ultimately lead to improved yields.

Easements

If certain parts of your farm are not ideal for cultivation, conservation easements or longer-term conservation options may be right for you. For example, the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) provides options for fields that frequently flood. 

To learn more about conservation, contact the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) or Farm Service Agency (FSA) at your local USDA Service Center

Find Your Local Service Center

We are committed to delivering USDA services to America’s farmers and ranchers while taking safety measures in response to the pandemic. Some USDA offices are beginning to reopen to limited visitors by appointment only. Service Center staff also continue to work with agricultural producers via phone, email, and other digital tools. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.

USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.

Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office or to find an insurance agent near you.