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Partnerships With Tribal Nations

Our goal is to make USDA farm and conservation programs and services more meaningful and accessible to Tribal Nations and citizens on more than 64 million acres of tribal and allotted trust land used for farming, grazing by livestock and wild game, and forestry.

By connecting Tribal Nation leaders, land managers, agricultural producers, and citizens with USDA programs and services, USDA seeks to better fulfill its commitment and government-to-government responsibilities to Tribal Nations and promote opportunities for land access, indigenous representation, conservation partnerships, and support for tribal food sovereignty.

We appreciate the patience, goodwill, expertise, and perspectives of Tribal Nations, tribal organizations, and producers. Their contributions help USDA respect tribal sovereignty through tribal consultation and collaboration on policy development and program implementation.

USDA collaborates and partners with Tribal Nations, producers, and landowners to help them meet their land stewardship, production, and food sovereignty goals. We assist with critical investments in land and water conservation, crop insurance, farm safety net programs, agricultural lending, and disaster programs. Feedback on how we can improve tribal engagement is always welcomed.

Wednesday, April 24, 2024: USDA Tribal Consultation on Barriers in Farming, Ranching, and Conservation
Tribal Caucus – 2:00 pm – 3:00 pm ET / Tribal Consultation – 3:00 pm – 5:30 pm

For additional details and to register, visit USDA Tribal Consultations.

Embracing the Unique Trust Relationship with Tribal Nations

Government-to-Government Relationship: The United States has a unique government-to-government relationship with federally recognized Tribes as defined through treaties, statutes, court decisions, Executive Orders, and Departmental Regulations.

Tribal Consultation, Coordination, and Collaboration: USDA Departmental Regulation 1350-002 directs the Farm Service Agency (FSA), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Risk Management Agency (RMA), and Farm Production and Conservation Business Center leadership and employees to engage in government to government consultation and collaboration with federally recognized Tribes on policy development and program activities. The goal of which is to ensure that tribal perspectives on the social, cultural, economic, and ecological aspects of agriculture, as well as tribal food and natural resource priorities and goals, are heard and fully considered in agency decision-making processes. 

Outcomes: Consultation, coordination, and collaboration make USDA programs better fit Tribal settings and increase program participation by Tribal Nations, tribal agricultural producers, tribal forest stewards, and landowners.

  1. Revised USDA program policies, procedures and standards based on tribal knowledge, perspectives and priorities.
  2. Coordinated Tribal/USDA outreach efforts to producers and landowners.
  3. Collaboration between leadership and subject matter experts from Tribal Nations, USDA agencies, and tribal organizations on projects of mutual benefit.
  4. Increased coordination between government agencies to provide better service to Tribal Nations and their citizens.

Service on Indian Reservations: Tribal Nations are welcome to request hosting FSA and NRCS Service Center offices on their land. For more information, see USDA Departmental Regulation 1340-002.

Indigenous Knowledge and USDA Programs: Indigenous Knowledge plays a vital role in the scientific, technical, social, and economic advancements by helping us to better understand the natural world. USDA is committed to implementing the government-wide directive recognizing and including Indigenous Knowledge in federal research, policy, and decision-making.

Learn More About USDA Agencies with Farm Programs


USDA Office of Tribal Relations

The USDA Office of Tribal Relations (OTR) leads the intergovernmental role for the USDA with Tribes while individual agencies (FSA, NRCS, RMA) consult with Tribes on project and program level efforts to enhance access to USDA’s various programs and services to Tribes, tribal organizations and citizens.

Bureau of Indian Affairs

A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), FSA, and NRCS was re-established in 2019 to collaboratively plan and implement USDA programs affecting tribal lands.

Land Access

In addition to the farm operating and ownership loans for individuals, USDA offers two tribal-specific loan programs.

  • The Indian Tribal Land Acquisition Loan Program, administered by FSA, helps Tribal Nations purchase additional property within the reservation to increase agricultural productivity on their lands.
  • The Highly Fractionated Indian Land Loan Program helps Tribes, Tribal entities and Tribal members alleviate the problems caused by fractionated interests on tribal lands through purchase agreements. Through land consolidation, current and new agriculture operators can improve and expand access to USDA programs and save tribal farmland for future generations. This loan program is financed through revolving loan funds from FSA and serviced through an approved intermediary lender, Indian Land Capital Company

Additional land access opportunities are available through:

Partnerships in Tribal Conservation

USDA is grateful for the sustained commitment on the part of tribal elected leadership to consult with USDA leadership. Their knowledge, perspectives, and priorities drive crucial changes to USDA policy and programs. The dedication of tribal natural resource and agricultural staff to share their subject matter expertise broadens USDA’s understanding of natural resource concerns and techniques and practices to heal the land.

Tribal Nation alliances and organizations are helpful in building partnerships and situational awareness. They generously allow USDA to be part of the conferences and outreach efforts. And they dedicate staff to accomplish joint efforts through cooperative agreements with USDA. Tribal producers broaden USDA’s understanding of land stewardship and how programs can be improved to be more meaningful and practical. Thanks to these efforts, Tribal Nations and producers more fully participate in USDA programs.

USDA encourages Tribal Nations, producers and organizations to build on this legacy allowing us the honor of contributing technical and financial assistance to their efforts to heal the earth through better land stewardship.


Support for Tribal Food Sovereignty

Tribal Nations and tribal organizations help USDA agencies design and implement programs to complement Tribal Food Sovereignty efforts.

USDA’s Indigenous Food Sovereignty Initiative

  • Encourages incorporation of traditional food ways in USDA programs,
  • Supports improved Indian Country access to food and agriculture markets, and
  • Promotes Indigenous health by ensuring foods included in national food programs are tailored to American Indian/Alaska Native dietary needs.

USDA agencies support tribal food sovereignty and regenerative agriculture efforts through the improved delivery of programs and services.

USDA recognizes traditional animals in disaster assistance programs, includes revenue generating indigenous foods in crop insurance, provides grant opportunities offering support on urban agriculture targeting indigenous foods, and provides technical assistance on increasing indigenous foods in various programs.

USDA released a Producer Handbook: Transitioning From Cattle to Bison, which was created in partnership with Intertribal Buffalo Council (ITBC). The handbook can inform interested tribal communities and Native cattle producers about the process, costs, and factors involved in transitioning to bison production.

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Indigenous Representation

USDA values input from tribal nations and communities.

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FSA County Committees

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One great way to make a difference is through FSA County Committees. Committee members ensure fair and equitable delivery of FSA farm programs in their county or multi-county jurisdiction. FSA is committed to establish and strengthen partnerships with tribal governments to engage tribal communities and increase participation in the county committee election nominations and voting processes.

Learn more about tribal agricultural landowner voting eligibility. Nominations open in mid-June and end in early August each year. Ballots are mailed out in November and due back to FSA in early December. If you are interested in voting and serving on the County Committee, contact your local FSA office for information.

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NRCS Collaboration

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NRCS is committed to meaningful tribal consultation with tribal nation leadership. NRCS also collaborates and coordinates with Tribal Conservation Advisory Councils on a state and regional level and works with Tribal Conservation Districts across the country. Tribal representatives who serve on these councils and districts help NRCS improve its programs, practices, and policies on an ongoing basis. These advisory councils have really helped NRCS and other USDA agencies work toward meeting our tribal trust responsibilities. Contact your local NRCS office for more information.

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RMA Training Partnerships

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RMA, in partnership with the Intertribal Agriculture Council, Rural Coalition, Annie’s Project and Alcorn State University, strategically engages with minority-serving institutions and underserved stakeholder groups to train, credential, and establish a pipeline of crop insurance agents and adjusters within tribal communities. RMA’s goal is to increase the representation of underserved insurance agents and loss adjusters providing service to underserved communities.  Those interested in learning more about becoming an agent or adjuster are encouraged to reach out to RMA or the IAC via email at julian@indianag.org or RMA.risk-ed@usda.gov.

Feedback and Questions

To provide feedback or ask questions about this web page, please contact the Farm Production and Conservation National Tribal Liaison team at tribal.fpac@usda.gov.

  • FSA Tribal Liaison: Jennifer Perez
  • FSA Federal Preservation Officer: Donna L. Turnipseed
  • NRCS Tribal Liaison: Pedro Torres
  • RMA Tribal Liaison: Sean Patrick

Find Your Local Service Center

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USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.

Learn more about our Urban Service Centers.

Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office or to find an insurance agent near you.