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Livestock and the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

Are you a livestock producer whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides direct relief to producers who faced price declines and additional marketing costs due to COVID-19.

The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, or CFAP, provides vital financial assistance to producers of agricultural commodities who have suffered a five-percent-or-greater price decline or who had losses due to market supply chain disruptions due to COVID-19 and face additional significant market costs. USDA is accepting applications now through August 28, 2020. Learn more at farmers.gov/cfap.

 

Eligible Livestock

CFAP assistance is available to livestock producers who have an ownership interest in eligible livestock that have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and face additional significant costs in marketing their inventories due to unexpected surplus and disrupted markets.

Livestock eligible for CFAP include cattle, hogs, and sheep. Specifically, eligible livestock are:

  • Hogs
    • Pigs (< 120 lbs.)
    • Hogs (> 120 lbs.)
  • Cattle
    • Feeder Cattle (<600 lbs.)
    • Feeder Cattle (> 600 lbs.)
    • Slaughter Cattle: Fed Cattle
    • Slaughter Cattle: Mature Cattle
    • All Other Cattle (not including livestock used, or intended for, dairy production).
  • Sheep
    • Lambs and yearlings (less than 2 years of age)
       

 

Common Livestock Types

The table below provides a crosswalk between commonly-used livestock terminology and CFAP livestock categories.

Cattle Common Name Description CFAP Category
Newborn Calf Calves from birth to days old Feeder Cattle: < 600 lbs
Calf Calves still nursing the cow, animals that generally weigh less than 500 pounds Feeder Cattle: < 600 lbs
Bucket Calf Orphan or newborn calf normally purchased when they are 1 to 10 days old Feeder Cattle: < 600 lbs
Heiferette A female bovine animal that has not calved and weighs more than 500 pounds; OR a heifer placed on feed following the loss of a calf or an open heifer placed on feed following the breeding season Feeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Steer A castrated male bovine animal that generally weighs more than 500 pounds Feeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Weaner or Weaned Calf Animal between 105 and 355 days coming from cow-calf Feeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Backgrounded Cattle Steers and heifers that are fed a warm up or conditioning ration are normally fed to approximately 700 pounds, and then sold as feeders or shipped to another feedlot to be finished for the slaughter market Feeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Stockers/Feeders/Feeder Calves Young weaned steers or heifers, weighing approximately 400-800 pounds usually grazing on pasture and/or feed ration to prepare for shipment to feeders intended for slaughter or selected for replacement stock Feeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Yearlings Calves between 1 and 2 years of age Feeder Cattle > 600 lbs
Open Heifer Non-pregnant female bovine Feeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Replacement Heifers A heifer that has been selected to be bred and placed in the beef herd All Other Cattle
Bred Heifers A female bovine that is pregnant with her first calf All Other Cattle
First Calf Heifers A young female that has had only one calf All Other Cattle
Bred Cows A female bovine animal that has borne at least one calf All Other Cattle
Open Cows - Retained in Herd (Non-pregnant) cows at the end of the breeding season All Other Cattle
Open Cows - Slaughter (Non-pregnant) cows at the end of the breeding season Slaughter Cattle: Mature
Cows-Culled (Beef and Dairy) A cow that is removed from the main breeding herd or dairy production for one or more reasons (i.e., age, poor production, physical ailment, poor disposition, genetic selection, etc.) and is generally sold for slaughter and not destined to be a replacement Slaughter Cattle: Mature
Herd Bulls-Culled (Beef and Dairy) A mature (approximately 24 months of age or older) uncastrated, male bovine removed from the main breeding herd sold for slaughter and not destined to be replacement Slaughter Cattle: Mature
Herd Bulls (Breeding-Beef only) A mature (approximately 24 months of age or older) uncastrated, male bovine used for breeding purposes All Other Cattle
Finished Cattle (1200 lbs or more) Cattle that have reached the optimal weight and conditions ready for slaughter Slaughter Cattle: Fed
Fat Steer/Heifer (1200 lbs or more) Cattle that have reached the optimal weight and conditions ready for slaughter Slaughter Cattle: Fed

Livestock that are no longer used for dairy production and entered the beef cattle market, if all other eligibility requirements are met, may be eligible for CFAP and would be categorized accordingly.

 

CFAP Payments for Livestock

A single payment for livestock will be calculated using the sum of the producer’s number of livestock sold between January 15 and April 15, 2020, multiplied by the payment rates per head, and the highest inventory number of livestock between April 16 and May 14, 2020, multiplied by the payment rate per head.

Producers must provide the following information for CFAP:

  • Total sales of eligible livestock, by species and class, between January 15, 2020, to April 15, 2020, of owned inventory as of January 15, 2020, including any offspring from that inventory; and
  • highest inventory of eligible livestock, by species and class, between April 16, 2020, and May 14, 2020.

The following table lists eligible livestock and payment rates for CFAP.

Livestock Eligible Livestock Unit of Measure CARES Act Part 1 Payment Rate CCC Part 2 Payment Rate
Cattle Feeder Cattle: Less than 600 Pounds Head $102.00 $33.00
  Feeder Cattle: 600 Pounds or More Head $139.00 $33.00
  Slaughter Cattle: Fed Cattle Head $214.00 $33.00
  Slaughter Cattle: Mature Cattle Head $92.00 $33.00
  All Other Cattle Head $102.00 $33.00
Hogs and Pigs Pigs: Less than 120 Pounds Head $28.00 $17.00
  Hogs: 120 Pounds or More Head $18.00 $17.00
Lambs and Yearlings All Sheep Less than 2 Years Old Head $33.00 $7.00

Additional information for livestock producers is available in our fact sheet, Coronavirus Food Assistance Program for Livestock Producers. This fact sheet is also available in Spanish.

 

Additional CFAP Information

Farm Service Agency staff at local USDA Service Centers will work with producers to file applications. 

USDA is also establishing a process for the public to identify additional commodities for potential inclusion in the program. Visit farmers.gov/cfap for additional information on the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, other eligible commodities, CFAP eligibility, payment limitations and structure, and how to apply.

 

Find Your Local Service Center

We are committed to delivering USDA services to America’s farmers and ranchers while taking safety measures in response to COVID-19. While employees continue to staff our Service Centers, they are only available for phone appointments at this time. While access is restricted to the buildings,  our services are still available via phone appointment or online. Learn more at farmers.gov/coronavirus.


USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency and Natural Resources Conservation Service employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to find your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.

Visit the Risk Management Agency website to find a regional or compliance office or to find an insurance agent near you.