USDA Pandemic Assistance for Producers

USDA is dedicated to reaching a broad set of producers and agricultural businesses through our Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative. Visit this page frequently for the latest updates on this critical initiative. 

USDA's Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, and Risk Management Agency offer resources and program flexibilities to support producers impacted by the coronavirus outbreak. 

For information on USDA-wide response to the COVID-19 pandemic, visit USDA's coronavirus response page.

Past Programs: Pandemic Assistance for Producers Initiative

Since USDA rolled out the Pandemic Assistance initiative in March 2021, the Department has announced assistance to producers and agriculture entities through the following programs: 

  • The Organic Dairy Marketing Assistance Program (ODMAP) assisted certified organic dairy producers facing a unique set of challenges in recent years, including higher costs attributed to the pandemic and drought conditions across the country. ODMAP applications were accepted between May 24, 2023, through August 11, 2023. 

  • The Pandemic Assistance Revenue Program (PARP) assisted eligible producers of agricultural commodities who experienced revenue decreases in calendar year 2020 compared to 2018 or 2019 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. PARP helped address gaps in previous pandemic assistance, which was targeted at price loss or lack of market access, rather than overall revenue losses. Applications from January 23, 2023, through July 14, 2023. 

  • The Commodity Container Assistance Program (CCAP) provided per-container payments at eligible ports to help cover additional logistics costs and ensure that American-grown commodities could once again move efficiently through supply chains to global markets. Applications were accepted between March 1, 2022 and Jan 31, 2023.

  • The Organic and Transitional Education and Certification Program (OTECP) provided pandemic assistance to cover eligible certification and education expenses for agricultural producers who are certified organic or transitioning to organic. Applications for the 2022 signup for OTECP and the Organic Certification Cost Share Program were both due October 31, 2022. 

  • The Cotton and Wool Apparel (CAWA) Program provides $50 million to assist eligible apparel manufacturers of worsted wool suits, sport coats, pants, or Pima cotton dress shirts; Pima cotton spinners; and wool fabric manufacturers and wool spinners. The signup period for CAWA closed on June 17, 2022.
  • The Biofuel Producer Program provided $700 million to help lower costs and support biofuel producers who faced unexpected market losses due to the COVID-19 pandemic. USDA will make payments to 195 biofuel production facilities to support the maintenance and viability of a significant market for agricultural producers of products such as corn, soybean or biomass that supply biofuel production. These biofuel producers experienced unexpected market losses on a combined 3.7 billion gallons as a result of COVID–19.
  • The Spot Market Hog Pandemic Program (SMHPP) provides pandemic assistance to hog producers who sold hogs through a spot market sale from April 16, 2020, through September 1, 2020. The signup period for SMHPP closed on April 29, 2022. Additional information is available at
  • The Pandemic Cover Crop Program (PCCP) provides premium support to producers who insured their crop with most insurance policies and planted a qualifying cover crop during the 2022 and 2021 crop years. Enrollment for the 2022 crop year ended on March 15, 2022. Enrollment for the 2021 crop year, which ended June 15, 2021, provided over $59 million in premium subsidies for 12.2 million acres of cover crops. Additional information is available at
  • The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) supports America’s farmers, ranchers, and agricultural producers whose operations were impacted by the coronavirus pandemic. The signup period for CFAP 2 closed on October 12, 2021. Additional information is available at
  • The Pandemic Livestock Indemnity Program (PLIP) provides relief to chicken, turkey, and swine producers who suffered losses during the pandemic due to insufficient access to processing. The signup period for PLIP closed on October 12, 2021. Additional information is available at
  • The Pandemic Assistance for Timber Harvesters and Haulers program (PATHH) provides financial relief to timber harvesting and timber hauling businesses that experienced losses in 2020 due to COVID-19. The signup period for PATHH closed on October 15, 2021. Additional information is available at
  • The Dairy Donation Program (DDP) allocated $400 million to facilitate dairy product donations and reduce food waste. Under this program, eligible dairy organizations partnered with non-profit feeding organizations that distribute food to individuals and families. Those partnerships were able to apply for and receive reimbursements to cover some expenses related to eligible dairy product donations. 
  • USDA opened signup for the Dairy Margin Coverage (DMC) program and expanded the program to allow dairy producers to better protect their operations by enrolling supplemental production through Supplemental DMC. Supplemental DMC will provide $580 million to better help small- and mid-sized dairy operations that have increased production over the years but were not able to enroll the additional production. The signup period for DMC and Supplemental DMC runs from December 13, 2021 to February 18, 2022. This is part of a broader package to help the dairy industry respond to the pandemic and other challenges.
  • Through the Pandemic Market Volatility Assistance Program (PMVAP), USDA will provide more than $350 million in pandemic assistance payments to dairy farmers who received a lower value due to market abnormalities caused by the pandemic and ensuing Federal policies. Payments will reimburse qualified dairy farmers for 80% of the revenue difference per month based on an annual production of up to 5 million pounds of milk marketed and on fluid milk sales from July through December 2020. USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service will contact eligible handlers and cooperatives to notify them of the opportunity to participate in the program. Visit to learn more.
  • The Pandemic Response and Safety (PRS) Grant Program and the Seafood Processors Pandemic Response and Safety (Seafood PRS) Block Grant Program will provide approximately $700 million in assistance to small scale specialty crop producers and processors, shellfish, aquaculture and other select producers, meat and other processors, distributors, farmers markets, seafood facilities, and processing vessels impacted by the coronavirus pandemic. USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service is currently reviewing all PRS applications for program eligibility and compliance. Seafood PRS block grants have been awarded.
  • The Value-Added Producer Grant (VAPG) Program helps agricultural producers enter into value-added activities related to the processing and marketing of new products. USDA made an additional $35 million available through the program this year to support agricultural producers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic.
  • The Specialty Crop Block Grant Program (SCBGP) funds innovative projects designed to support the expanding specialty crop food sector and explore new market opportunities for U.S. food and agricultural products. USDA announced $169.9 million total for the program, with funding awarded as part of pandemic assistance supporting organizations to assist farmworkers with PPE and vaccination costs, projects to fund farmers, food businesses, and other relevant entities to respond to risks and supply chain disruption.
  • The Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incentive Program (GusNIP) increases the purchase of fruits and vegetables by low-income consumers. USDA announced $75 million to address critical food and nutrition security needs of low-income communities, enhance the resilience of food and healthcare systems impacted by the pandemic, and maximize funds reaching participants in communities in need.
  • The Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program (BFRDP) offers education, training, outreach and mentoring programs to enhance the sustainability of the next generation of farmers. USDA announced $37.5 million to support this program.
  • Through Payments to Domestic Users of Cotton, USDA announced approximately $80 million in additional payments to domestic users of upland and extra-long staple cotton to support textile mills impacted by the pandemic.
  • The Local Agriculture Market Program (LAMP) helps maximize opportunities for economic growth and ingenuity in local and regional food systems, generate new income sources for small, beginning, veteran, and socially disadvantaged farmers, and create new market opportunities for value-added and niche products. USDA announced $92.2 million in competitive grant funding through this program.

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